Sex reassignment surgery (SRS), also known as gender reassignment surgery (GRS) is a procedure (or procedures) by which a transgender person’s physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characterestics are altered to resemble those socially associated with their identified gender.
Male to Female: Feminization surgeries are surgeries that result in anatomy that is typically gendered female. These surgeries include genital amputation, vaginoplasty, breast implant, orchiectomy, facial feminization surgery, reduction thyrochondroplasty (tracheal shave), and voice feminization surgery among others.
Masculinization surgeries are surgeries that result in anatomy that is typically gendered male. These surgeries include chest masculinization surgery (top surgery), phalloplasty (penis implant), scrotoplasty and hysterectomy.
In addition to SRS, patients may need to follow a lifelong course of masculinizing or feminizing hormone replacement therapy.